Farms and villages in Nepal have lost more than 122,000 poultry in 32 outbreaks of H5N1 avian influenza in the past few weeks, according to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) on 26 May 2013. A total of 42,653 birds, mostly chickens and ducks, died in the outbreaks, and another 79,681 birds were destroyed to stop disease spread. One large commercial farm in Narayani province accounted for 33,675 of the deaths. The toll includes one wild crow that was found dead near a custom station at the India border. The earliest outbreak included in the report began 11 April 2013, and the latest one 20 May 2013.
Another H5N1 avian flu case has surfaced in Cambodia, that of a 5-year-old girl whose illness was detected retrospectively, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region Office on 17 May 2013. Her illness, which began on 28 January 2013, was found during a fever surveillance study conducted by the US Naval Medical Research Unit (NAMRU). Her respiratory samples tested positive for H5N1 on 2 May 2013. The girl is from a village in Kampong Speu province. She is alive, and health officials are investigating her exposure to poultry, the WHO said. The latest infection raises Cambodia’s total number of H5N1 cases to 32, which includes 27 deaths. Her illness is the country’s 11th H5N1 case reported in 2013.
H5N1 avian flu wiped out almost 4,000 poultry and led to the culling of 10,000 more in two farm outbreaks in Bangladesh recently, according to a World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The first outbreak, from 27 February to 1 March 2013, occurred on a commercial farm in Rangpur district of Rangpur province, in northwestern Bangladesh. It involved 3,420 dead poultry, and the remaining 8,974 were culled to prevent disease spread. The second outbreak occurred 9 and 10 March2013 in Rajbari district in Dhaka province, in west central Bangladesh. It killed 558 birds, and the remaining 1,242 poultry on the farm were destroyed. Together the virus killed 3,978 birds, and 10,216 were culled to contain the outbreaks, for a total of 14,194 poultry deaths. Officials have disinfected both premises, the OIE said.