Egypt has reported its third H5N1 avian flu case in 2013, in a 26-year-old man who died 16 April 2013. The country’s Ministry of Health said on 17 April 2013 that the man, from Dakahlia governorate north of Cairo, died at a hospital in Dakahlia. It was reported that the man died 16 April 2013. A 36-year-old woman from Beheira governorate died from the disease on 26 January 2013, and a 40-year-old woman from Menofia governorate was reported ill from H5N1 on 21 March 2013, according to previous reports. Since 2006 Egypt has confirmed 173 H5N1 cases, 63 of which have been fatal.
Animal health officials in Germany reported on 21 April 2013 low-pathogenic H5N1 avian flu outbreaks at two turkey farms in Lower Saxony state, located in the northwestern part of the country, according to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The two farms, which raised fattening turkeys, had 25,050 susceptible birds, of which 20 showed signs of disease. The remaining birds were culled to control the spread of the virus. So far, investigations haven’t determined the source of the outbreak. The disease was last detected in Germany in August 2011, according to the OIE.
A 40-year-old Egyptian woman from Menofia governorate who became ill after contact with sick poultry tested positive for H5N1 avian influenza, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on 21 March 2013. She got sick on 3 March 2013 a few days after close contact with sick and dead backyard ducks and chickens. If the World Health Organization (WHO) confirms the case, the woman’s illness will be counted as Egypt’s 171st case, of which 61 have been fatal. The tests were conducted at Egypt’s Central Public Health Laboratories. News of her illness appeared in the FAO’s monthly Emergency Center for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) highly pathogenic avian flu situation update. Egypt has had only one other H5N1 case in 2013, a fatal one.