Clinical signs characteristic of foot and mouth disease (FMD) have been found in 270 head of cattle and eight pigs in the village of Molodezhnyin Priangursky district.
More than 190 head of cattle and eight pigs have fallen ill with FMD in the village of Molodezhny. Deaths among animals were not registered. It was reported, that Vladimir Mishchenko, chief researcher of the Laboratory and Prevention of Diseases of Pigs and Cattle of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Animal Diseases, doctor of veterinary Sciences, arrived specially in our region for the epizootic survey.
According to Mishchenko, the disease in the village is localized. “It is necessary to say, that all animals have disease in the mild form, because they had already been vaccinated and have immunity. However, the problem was that for the first time the causative agent of foot and mouth disease, which has not previously been registered in our country, has been identified as Type A — the genetic line typical in South-East Asiahas been revealed during laboratory studies. Prior to this, such a virus was found only in Korea, Thailand and Viet Nam,” he said.
At the present time the specialists are investigating how this type of foot and mouth disease virus was brought to the territory of Russia, and more precisely in the Trans-Baikal region. “Multiple versions were investigated, but for this day there is no specific information about where this disease came from. Humans and animals may be carriers. There are a lot of ways of transfer, so to establish them is difficult, but the fact is that the disease was recorded in the region absolutely,” said the head of the office of Rosselkhoznadzor for the Zabaykalsky region and the Amur region, Nikolai Gantimuranov.
At the moment, according to the experts, the main work is to prevent the penetration of disease into the environment, and to provide clinical inspection in other areas in order to exclude the occurrence there of foot and mouth disease. It is planned to organize a double vaccination of animals. Disinfection is being provided at checkpoints, and explanatory work goes on among the population.