“No pudo evitar atropellar el peatón” – “He could not avoid hitting the pedestrian”

A common explicative narrative in Peruvian media reporting on pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions is that the driver could not avoid hitting the pedestrian because of the pedestrian’s imprudent and untimely crossing.  The driver is rarely blamed and is generally viewed quite sympathetically in the media.  There are of course exceptions to this, usually when bus drivers are the ones responsible for striking pedestrians with their vehicles or if the pedestrian is a VIP or related to a VIP. This attitude towards pedestrians needs to change.

I am not arguing that the pedestrians are completely innocent or that drivers are completely responsible; the circumstances are usually complex, but in general motorists in Peru need to adjust their attitude towards pedestrians and be more respectful of them.  A pedestrian is much more vulnerable to injury and fatality than a motorist in pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions, thus drivers have to learn to be more respectful and careful when there are pedestrians present.  In a dense urban megacity like Lima where there are over 8 million inhabitants the motorists there need to accept that the roadway is shared with both pedestrians and cyclists (a small but growing proportion of road users in Lima).  About 25% of all trips are walking trips and 50% are on public transit (as of 2004) and only 25% are in privately-owned vehicles (including taxis, personal vehicles, motorcycles, etc.).  These numbers are especially serious considering pedestrians were about 80% of Peru’s reported road fatalities in 2007 (at least of those who die on site, the surveillance system does not quite yet account for all who die later due to their injuries).

So what is the media’s role in changing these attitudes?  The narratives almost always rely only on the driver’s description of the incident; rarely do we hear the pedestrian’s side of the story because in the serious incidents getting reported in the media the pedestrian is already dead or under medical care.  Sometimes a witness or someone accompanying the pedestrian may contribute, but even they may not have directly observed what really happened.  Thus the news story being reported will be biased against the pedestrian, regardless of their culpability.  Of course a motorist does not want to be held responsible for striking someone, especially if the pedestrian dies.  I doubt most motorists had any intention of hitting a pedestrian, but they may be engaged in risky behaviors that predisposed them to being unable to control the situation when a pedestrian did try to cross (perhaps imprudently).  Journalists reporting on these incidents may lack knowledge about the biomechanics of pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions and their primary risk factors, thus they are willing to use this narrative that it was an accident that just happened without any way to change the fact that it happened.

Journalists reporting on these events need to really consider and question what the driver was doing before the incident.  If he was traveling too fast in an urban area where he could not stop in time then he could have avoided the collision if he had been going the speed limit or less.  He should have slowed down when he saw pedestrians trying to cross.  Pedestrians do often cross where and when they perhaps shouldn’t in Lima (though often they have no choice because the roads are often not designed to accommodate their transit needs) and drivers are aware of this fact, thus they need to accept that they need to travel more slowly when pedestrians are present.  If the driver speed was not the problem, it is possible he was doing some other distracting/impairing behavior like talking or texting on a mobile device, inebriated, or was tired.  The built environment cannot be ignored.  Lima’s street designs are not often conducive to safe pedestrian travel or behaviors.  I myself have at times found myself “trapped” and forced to cross unsafely because there were no options or warnings that the sidewalk I was taking would lead me directly into vehicle traffic with no options for crossing.

Overall, journalists need to consider the pedestrian perspective more and really question the driver’s motives for reporting that the collision was inevitable. 

The World Until Yesterday

The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies?The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies? by Jared Diamond

My rating: 4 of 5 stars

Dr. Diamond presents us with a wealth of anthropological stories, experiences, and insights on traditional societies which all add up to a fairly anecdotal view of what this knowledge can offer modern societies. Even the views we get of modern societies are fairly general and do not apply to everyone in those societies. Dr. Diamond does certainly acknowledge that he is speaking in generalities in the introduction, but does this hurt the story Diamond is trying to tell? The narrative often jumps from culture to culture, though mostly focuses on New Guinea where Diamond has dedicated most of his professional career. We often get a few examples of traditional societies compared to modern societies, and Diamond allows us some inference on our own of how these situations might inform possible improvements in our own society, or to allow us to contrast and consider what we give up in order to live a different, possibly better life in modern society. It is a fairly balanced approach that does not romanticize traditional life, while also critiquing faults in modern living. I agree that there are valuable lessons and behaviors from traditional societies that we could use today, but overall I think most readers could agree that the benefits of modern society far outweigh the costs. Those costs could certainly be mitigated more both through individual and societal changes.

If you are a fan of Diamond’s previous work you will probably enjoy this book. If you are also a fan of books that attempt to understand society and historical context, you would probably also find this book interesting.

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