Theory of Flow and Student Engagement

flow_theoryIn The Flow: Designing Meaningful E-Learning Experiences by Jone Tiffany describes the relationship between level of challenge and level of skill which impacts engagement with learning activities. Targeting the level of challenge that is appropriate to the skill of the student contributes to student engagement with learning activities. As the skill increases it is important to increase the challenge. This concept is illustrated in the graphic by Csikszentmihalyi who developed this theory of Flow.

Technology in education: The SAMR model

SAMR modelRuben R. Puentedura, Ph.D. developed the SAMR model for planning and evaluating use of technology in teaching. The model defines the following uses of technology.

  • S – Substitution
  • A – Augmentation
  • M – Modification
  • R- Redefinition

View The SAMR Model (4 minutes) by Ruben R. Puentedura, Ph.D. for a description.

Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition (SAMR) model

SAMR model The Substitution, Augmentation, Modification and Redefinition (SAMR) model, by Ruben Puentedura describes the functions of incorporating technology in teaching. For example, composing an assignment on an iPad substitutes for a paper and pen.  However using the iPad to find images and videos to include in the assignment is an augmentation. The iPad allows the instructor to modify the assignment to be a collaborative work with multiple students composing and discussing the topic. Lastly, the instructor and the students may use technology to redefine the assignment. See the author Ruben Puentedura describe the Impact of the SAMR model.