I get a lot of questions about how to cite references in different styles. I’m not an expert at any of them so I understand the confusion and frustration of trying to adhere to any given style’s guidelines. DNP students have an additional challenge in that many of them are familiar with APA style and now have to transition to AMA style. Below are a few thoughts from my point of view. **Keep in mind that if your instructors provide examples of citations, follow their examples as they are grading your assignments.**
- The AMA style may not be as prescriptive for as many reference types as some other styles may be. So one has the opportunity to interpret the guidelines and there may not be a single correct way to cite a particular reference.
- The AMA style is better suited to journal article preparation than for academic papers.
- It might be helpful to browse articles in JAMA (since JAMA follows AMA style) to see how similar references are constructed.
- One of the more difficult reference types to work with is online resources such as Micromedex, DynaMed, UpToDate, etc. Should you follow guidelines for online databases, websites, other? My take is to try and equate the online reference with something similar in print, if possible. Many online resources are referred to as ‘databases’ but are not considered true databases in today’s world. In the three cases just listed, I would tend to think of them like books, with chapters. Here are my attempts at examples (note that for this blog post I couldn’t format the correct indentation for where the lines start):
1. Amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium. In: Micromedex Solutions. Greenwood Village, CO: Truven Health Analytics; 2017. http://www.micromedexsolutions.com/micromedex2/librarian/CS/9963A8/ND_PR/evidencexpert/ND_P/evidencexpert/DUPLICATIONSHIELDSYNC/EEE673/ND_PG/evidencexpert/ND_B/evidencexpert/ND_AppProduct/evidencexpert/ND_T/evidencexpert/PFActionId/evidencexpert.GoToDashboard?docId=027193&contentSetId=100&title=Amoxicillin%2FClavulanate+Potassium&servicesTitle=Amoxicillin%2FClavulanate+Potassium&brandName=Augmentin#. Accessed February 1, 2017.
2. Acetaminophen poisoning. In: DynaMed. EBSCO Information Services. http://web.a.ebscohost.com.offcampus.lib.washington.edu/dynamed/search/basic?sid=fbe1b2ea-17e5-48cc-bd79-5f9a08846e7a%40sessionmgr4010&vid=0&hid=4214. Updated March 9, 2010. Accessed March 23, 2010.
3. Marion DW. Pacing the diaphragm: Patient selection, evaluation, implantation, and complications. In: Post TW, ed. UpToDate. Waltham, MA: UpToDate Inc; 2017. Updated November 11, 2016. Accessed Feb 2, 2017.
For convenience, I will include a couple of more straightforward examples:
4. Woo TM, Robinson MV, eds. Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice Nurse Prescribers. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Co; 2015.
Note: for textbooks, consider if you are citing the entire book or just a chapter.
5. Scott T. Drugs affecting the autonomic nervous system. In: Woo TM, Robinson MV, eds. Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice Nurse Prescribers. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Co; 2015:173-224.
And likely these examples are not perfect…
[please refer to the HSL help guide for more examples and details]