How can faculty be involved in supporting and promoting Open Access efforts? Here are a few suggestions, adapted from SPARC and International Open Access Week:
- Submit your research articles to OA journals as appropriate to your field.
- Deposit your preprints in an OA archive, such as UW’S institutional repository ResearchWorks (learn more about ResearchWorks here).
- If allowed by the Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) you signed with your publisher, deposit your postprints in an OA archive like ResearchWorks. If you’re not sure what your CTA allows or have not yet signed a CTA, check out our posts on understanding your author rights, part one and part two.
- Deposit your data files in an OA archive along with the articles built on them (learn more about data management via our earlier post). Whenever possible, link to the data files from the articles, and vice versa.
- Explore using Open Educational Resources (OER) in lieu of expensive textbooks in the courses you teach (learn more about OER via our previous post).
- When asked to referee a paper or serve on the editorial board for an OA journal, consider accepting the invitation.
- If you are an editor of a toll-access journal, start an in-house discussion about converting to OA, experimenting with OA, and letting authors retain copyright.
- Volunteer to serve on your university’s committee to evaluate faculty for promotion and tenure. Make sure the committee is using criteria that, at the very least, does not penalize faculty for publishing in peer-reviewed OA journal, and at best, gives faculty an incentive to provide OA to their peer-reviewed research articles and preprints, either through OA journals or OA archives.
- Work with your professional societies to make sure they understand OA. Persuade the organization to make its own journals OA, endorse OA for other journals in the field, and support OA eprint archiving by all scholars in the field.
- And last, but certainly not least, educate the next generation of scientists and scholars about OA, and support their efforts to engage with scholarship in this environment (such as participating in UWB’s Open Access research journal, Interdisciplinarities).
If you have any questions, please contact us.
Open Access extends into the classroom via Open Educational Resources. Open Educational Resources (OER) are “teaching, learning, and research resources released under an open license that permits their free use and repurposing by others. OER can be full courses, course materials, lesson plans, open textbooks, learning objects, videos, games, tests, software, or any other tool, material, or technique that supports access to knowledge.”
Interest in OER has grown, both locally and nationally, as traditional textbook prices continue to increase. Recently, the Washington State Board for Community & Technical Colleges published an extensive report on OER usage in WA’s community college system, the White House announced plans to support OER initiatives, and the Affordable College Textbook Act was reintroduced in both houses of Congress. One of our very own student employees also recently wrote a blog post extolling the virtues of OER as a means of supplemental instruction.
For more information and resources related to OER, check out the Campus Library’s Open Educational Resources guide. If you have any other questions, please contact us.
An important facet of the Open Access effort is the emerging movement around Open Data. Open Data is “research data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone—subject at most to the requirement to attribute and sharealike.” For scholars and researchers seeking public or private funding, such agencies increasingly require grant proposals to include data management plans and/or to prioritize public access.
To help you manage this rapidly changing landscape, the UW Libraries created a Data Management guide with a variety of relevant resources and information about producing and disseminating research data. If you are looking for sources of Open Data, federal, state, county, and city repositories are available. Additional resources are listed on our Data Resources guide
You can learn more about Open Data from the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) and via the Open Data Handbook. If you have any other questions, please contact us.
2015 International Open Access Week runs from today through October 25, and to celebrate, we’ll be posting new content throughout the week. Stay tuned!
Check out our previous entries for a refresher on OA and information about UW’s OA resources and recent faculty actions:
Our new UWB research journal, Interdisciplinarities, is an ongoing, collaborative process that seeks to highlight the superior research conducted by UWB students, and to provide space for comparing, analyzing, and generally thinking about the ways research and knowledge production intersect. Our mission is to publish research on a broad range of topics spanning all disciplines, levels of analysis, and national contexts. With collaboration from the Writing and Communication Center, the Journal offers an opportunity for students (both authors and members of the editorial board) to hone their writing skills and emerge and more effective writers.
The first issue is expected out in Spring 2016. The call for submissions will be issued in Winter. More on this to come!
The University of Washington Faculty Senate has adopted a resolution on Open Access. The resolution:
- states the value of open access research and open access to published articles
- describes the UW’s institutional repository, ResearchWorks, which is hosted by the UW Libraries
- requests that the Provost direct the Vice Provost of Digital Initiatives, Dean of the University Libraries, to develop an Open Access policy to recommend to the University
The resolution says,
“…dissemination of academic research by deposit of authors’ copies of published articles in Open Access repositories … is associated with increases in the impact, visibility and use of that research”
Read the complete resolution here.
We wanted to share with you all an excellent presentation made to the UW Faculty Senate Executive Committee on a possible proposal to strengthen the UW’s commitment to open access publishing. This is coming out of the Faculty Senate Council on Research, with significant involvement by the Libraries.
Increasing the Visibility of UW Scholarship. Open Access for journal articles at UW by Juliya Ziskina, Ben Marwick, Tim Jewell, Mel DeSart, and Thom Deardorff
This is building on the recent Open Access resolution passed by the UW Graduate and Professional Student Senate:
And a 2009 Senate Resolution Concerning Scholarly Publishing Alternatives and Authors’ Rights: http://www.lib.washington.edu/scholpub/actions/openaccessresolution/view
We engage and invest in research in order to encourage innovation and creativity, enrich education, and accelerate the pace of discovery. Communication of the results of research is an essential component of the research process, and enabling broad, unfettered access to new knowledge plays a key role in ensuring that the scholarly publishing system supports the needs of scholars and the academic enterprise as a whole.
Yet because of cost barriers or use restrictions, research results are often not available to the full community of potential users. The Internet gives us the opportunity to bring this information to a worldwide audience at virtually no marginal cost and allows us to use it in new, innovative ways. This has resulted in a new framework: Open Access.
What is open access and why does it matter? Materials published in an open access journal or digital repository are available online to anyone anywhere for download and use without restrictions or payment by the user. There are many benefits to a system of open access scholarship:
- Research is more accessible and useable.
- Articles published open access may be cited more and be more influential than those that have not.
- Institutions that support research – from public and private research funders to higher education institutions – are implementing policies that encourage (and in some instances require) researchers to make research generated from their funding openly accessible to and fully useable by the public.
- Researchers have access to scholarship regardless of institutional affiliation.
- Students have access to scholarship after they graduate.
- Scholarly conversations are advanced through broader participation.
- Creative work and new discoveries are encouraged as scholars can build on open research.
In April 2009, the UW Faculty Senate approved a resolution encouraging faculty to publish in “moderately priced journals, in journals published by professional societies and associations, or in peer-reviewed ‘open access’ journals,” and to archive their work in open access repositories.
In the coming months, we’ll be sharing further information about University of Washington’s institutional repository, ResearchWorks, understanding your author rights, and more! Please feel free to contact Sarah Leadley, firstname.lastname@example.org, with your questions.
References & Resources: